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The Wainwright Summits

Wainwright Summit Data Excel File

Wainwright Summit Data Excel File


The challenge of completing all 214 Wainwright summits as detailed in Alfred Wainwright set of Pictorial Guides is one of the most popular, if not the most popular hill bagging challenges in the UK.

The Pictorial Guides were not devised as a Hill Bagging List per se, moreover Wainwright was more about exploring each individual fell, Wainwright did devote a section of each chapter to the Summit area. As such it’s entirely appropriate that lovers of the Lake District want to visit each and every summit.

In the last decade technology has come to dominate our day to day lives and this is no different to exploring the Great Outdoors. GPS has taken over our navigation whether it’s via aeroplanes, boats, motor vehicles and now shank’s pony. Walking GPS’s whether via dedicated units or Apps on Mobile phones greatly improve the accuracy of navigation in the mountains and as a result improves safety for all.

The explosion of GPS units and Apps means there is a need for even greater data accuracy with GPS units requiring 10 figure Grid References which are accurate to 1 metre square.

“How do I find or create an accurate list of 10 figure Grid References for each Summit?” What appears to be a simple question has finished up with hundreds of hours of research over the last couple of years to arrive at a consolidated list.

The Issue

Within the UK the Database of British and Irish Hills (DoBIH) is regarded by most other hill bagging websites and hill list apps as the ‘golden source’ of their data feeds.

This leads to a fundamental issue as to the identification of the summit location between DoBIH and many (older) lists such as Wainwright: –

  • The DoBIH define the Summit of a hill as a single point that is the highest natural ground above sea level (Ordnance Datum Newlyn in mainland Britain or Malin Head for all Ireland) on that hill.
  • However as noted by DoBIH Wainwright’s preference was for a recognisable feature such as a Cairn, shelter of Trig Point. Wainwright did not use grid references to identify summit locations instead relying upon a combination of Summit sketch, Map identifying the summit location and Wainwright’s description of the summit area.

The importance of this distinction was not material when people used paper maps and six figure grid references as the rounding in the latter largely addressed the differences however with GPS units requiring much more accurate ten figure grid references the issue becomes more acute.

The DoBIH have sought to address these differences by adding a Note Field where differences between the true summit and the Wainwright summit are noted. This is fine if one is planning routes from the Hillbagging (and some other) websites but most Apps and other Hill Listings only take the data feed of the ten figure grid reference in DoBIH.

To illustrate the point let’s use an example of Gray Crag.

DoBIH/ Hill Bagging notes the true summit to be at NY 42756 11709 with a note “this is Nuttall summit S of wall; Wainwright summit is N of wall at NY 42672 11869”.

The excellent IOS App Hill Lists by Graham Haley lists Gray Crag summit location as NY 42756 11709.

Gray Crag summit location

Highlighting this issue is not to disparage DoBIH or any of the websites/ apps that take data feeds but to highlight the key point that the latter (as they don’t take the Notes data feed) can be misleading as to the location of the Wainwright summit.

In this particular case, people often climb it as an out/ back from Thornthwaite Crag therefore may out on the Wainwright summit by not walking the extra 150 metres or so to the Wainwright summit position.

The object of this research was therefore to identify and highlight all those Wainwright summits that differ from the true summit location as defined in DoBIH to arrive at a more accurate ten figure grid reference for each Wainwright summit.


Identifying  Wainwright summit positions

How did Wainwright chosen his 214 Fells and summit positions? This is a question that has always intrigued me and many others for that matter.

I have always related this question to Mark Jackson’s list of Relative Wainwrights (P30+) of the Lake District over 1000ft as described in the Long Distance Walkers Association (LDWA) Hillwalkers’ Register Annual Report of 2011. In using the UIAA definition of separate summits of P30+ Jackson’s excellent research removed 56 Wainwrights and added in 59 new Relative Wainwrights to arrive at his total of 217 Relative Wainwrights.

In percentage terms this is 26% of the 214 listing of which only five [Gray Stones, High Style, Seathewaite Fell, Whiteside and Whinlatter Top] can be explained away by there being a separately recognised higher top close by.

Even these additions/ deletion numbers are understated. The original list missed Gowbarrow Fell P100  and Rough Crags (Riggindale) P33. Later surveys after Jackson’s work was published would now add Silver How P31 upgraded May 2018, Striding Edge (High Spying How) P31.2 upgraded Sept 2018 and Wansfell Pike P30.8 upgraded Jun 2018. There would be others within Wainwright’s geographic definition of Lakeland from Book 1 which could also be considered.

Why such disparity between the two Wainwright lists? Why did Wainwright choose less significant fells over many more prominent summits?

The answer to these questions I believe largely rests in understanding the OS maps he had available to him when he was developing the idea of the Pictorial Guides. This will also explain many of the summit positions.


1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956
Wainwright Books

Developed Idea

Book 1
OS 6Th Series One Inch 82, 83 88, 89
OS 7Th Series One Inch 82 83, 88 89


1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966
Wainwright Books Book 2 Book 3 Book 4 Book 5 Book 6 Book 7
OS 6Th Series One Inch
OS 7Th Series One Inch

The above table shows the inter relationship timeline between researching the Pictorial Guides and the year of publication of each of the seven books. In the 1940/1960s the mapping of Lakeland was covered by four maps: –

  • Sheet 82 – Keswick
  • Sheet 83 – Penrith
  • Sheet 88 – Barrow in Furness
  • Sheet 89 – Lancaster and Kendal






During these decades there were two series of One Inch maps published by the Ordnance Survey: –

  • The 6th Series also known as the ‘New Popular Edition’
  • The 7th Series

Whist the 7th Series was available by the time Book 1 was published in 1955, the vast majority of the research period for the Pictorial Guides would have been covered by the New Popular Edition. That is not to discount that Wainwright did not use the 7th Series particularly in latter books – there are examples in Wainwright’s commentary that could only have come from 7th Series mapping.

Also there are references in the Pictorial Guides to 2 ½ Inch Mapping for example in the chapters for Sheffield Pike, Southern Fell and Stybarrow Dodd which are available on the National Library of Scotland website as 1:25,000 1937-61.

There is a vitally important difference between the 6th and 7th Series in relation to what we now regard as the Trig symbol:

The 6th Series mapping used the Trig symbol to identify the old Trig Station positions that was a carry forward from the Six Inch mapping of the late 1800’s.

However in the 7th Series the Trig symbol was changed to represent the Trig Pillars we know on current OS mapping. The first Trig Pillar in the UK was built in 1936.

To understand Wainwright’s choice of Fells and many of the summit positions one needs to understand the work of the OS surveyors of the late 1880’s. These surveyors used Trig Stations to map the UK to what is still regarded as an incredible degree of accuracy. As per Trig Pillars, a Trig Station needed to be in line of sight of at least another two Trig Stations. So more often that not these Trig stations were not on the true summit of a Fell but on ridge ends for better sight lines.

To allow the OS Surveyors to return to the same spot to continue their survey work these Trig Stations were very often marked by a CAIRN.

We know from his work that Wainwright was a highly visual person and secondly he liked to a ‘The View’ 3560 degrees spiral in many chapters. Therefore both the OS Surveyors and Wainwright wanted the same locations – positions with excellent surrounding views.

Let me show three example to demonstrate this thesis:

Rosthwaite Fell – Bessyboot. The New Popular Edition mapping shows the Trig Station 1,807ft at Bessyboot although Wainwright could have chosen the higher 2,000ft contour circle on Rosthwaite Fell.









Seathwaite Fell – again Wainwright used the Trig Station 1,970ft position rather than the 2,050-contour circle of the true summit.










 High Pike (Scandale) – this is only a P6 and an example of a ridge end Trig Station.











On the 6th Series mapping there are 182 Trig Stations related to Wainwright Fells plus seven Benchmarks lead by Scoat Fell at the famous cairn in the wall. But a word of caution, Wainwright was not consistent in using Trig Station positions over true summit positions where sometimes he went for the latter: –

Mungrisdale Common – the Trig Station 2,038 is well off the summit plateau.









Rossett Pike – the Trig Station is at Mickleden Cairn (a far better view) but Wainwright used the cairn at the Benchmark (a boundary corner) with a height of 2,134.2 ft.










Data Accuracy

How accurate should the GR10 be?

A 10-figure GR10 is suitable for input to most hand-held GPS instruments.

Three independent studies have shown that the error in on the ground measurements has been determined as ±8.5m (three standard deviations), with the majority accurate to within ±5m of the summit feature. Any measurements with survey grade GPS receivers (indicated in the Survey field) will be accurate to 1m.

Different brands on GPS units may result in slightly different readings depending on their software and atmospheric conditions may mean data accuracy of 3 to 5 metres.

I am 99% confident that the GR10s are accurate to within 5 metres given the vagaries of a) GPS unit error b) the minor difference between OSGB36/ WGS84 datum and the fact many cairns are more than one metre wide. The GR10’s are based on WGS84 as the dominant mapping datum globally both in mobile phones/ Satnav systems and mapping websites.


Group A

Where the Wainwright summit is a different recognised summit from the summit recorded on DoBIH. There are five summits in this group.

Glaramara GR: NY 24719 10563
Hill Name Glaramara North Top DoBIH Name Glaramara
Hill ID 500023 DoBIH Number 2389
Height 781m / 2562ft Height 783m / 2569ft
Summit Feature Rocky platform bearing two Cairns Summit Feature pointed rock 10m south of Cairn
GR10 NY 24719 10563 GR10 NY 24600 10456


Note DoBIH Observation: “Nuttall summit; Wainwright summit (Cairn) 160m NE at NY 24722 10561 and Cairn 55m W are lower”.

Pointers to the Wainwright summit position from the Pictorial Guide:

The sketch map shows the summit position as the southern of two Cairns on the North East Top. This ties in with latest OS mapping

Glaramara map

Wainwright states “Twin summits of rock…. but indisputably the finer is that to the north east…bearing two Cairns”.

Sixth Series New Popular Edition shows a 2,550 contour in the north east of the 2,500 contour. The separate 780 metre contour south west should have had a second 2,550 ft contour.











The SeGlaramara map venth Series has a similar ‘error’ but now dropping the Trig Station to a Spot Height on the North Top.










Old Imperial mapping did not recognise the current true summit of Glaramara and as such various Hill Bagging Lists identified Glaramara North Top as the summit of Glaramara: Corbett25, Docharty, Falkingham, Moss2000 and Simpson.


Haystacks (Buttermere) GR: NY 19336 13204
Hill Name Haystacks North Top DoBIH Name Haystacks (Buttermere)
Hill ID 501446 DoBIH Number 2457
Height 595m / 1952ft Height 597m / 1959ft
Summit Feature Cairn Summit Feature Cairn
Grid Reference NY 19336 13204 Grid Reference NY 19335 13151


Note DoBIH Observation: “Wainwright/Birkett is Cairn 50m north at NY 19336 13204”.

Pointers to the Wainwright summit position from the Pictorial Guide:

The Wainwright sketch map shows the summit position as the northern of two Cairns.

Spot Height of 1,900 feet approx. – no OS Spot Height but instead twin 1,900 feet contour circles.

Wainwright states “The highest part of the fell is a small rocky ridge, fifty yards in length, with a Cairn at each end, and a tarn alongside to the west. The two Cairns are at approximately the same elevation, but the north one, lying on the line of the path across the top of the fell, is usually reckoned to be the true summit”.

The summit sketch shows a metal stake extending from the summit Cairn. This is still there.

Modern surveying equipment now show the southern Cairn as the true summit but Wainwright sits alongside Birkett and Docharty in declaring the Northern Cairn as the summit.

Interestingly Docharty is the only known hill list author to declare twin summits here recognising the second 1,900 foot contour circle in his research work.

Hay Stacks map


Illgill Head GR: NY 16542 04804
Hill Name Illgill Head (Docharty summit) DoBIH Name Illgill Head
Hill ID 501445 DoBIH Number 2454
Height 604m / 1982ft Height 608.8m / 1997ft
Summit Feature Cairn Summit Feature rock
Grid Reference NY 16542 04804 Grid Reference NY 16898 04924


Note DoBIH Observation: “Wainwright summit is a Cairn at NY165048 which is at least 3m lower than true summit”.

Pointers to the Wainwright summit position from the Pictorial Guide:

The Wainwright sketch map shows the summit position at the western end of the summit contour overlooking the Wasdale Screes.

The spot Height of 1,983 feet ties into the western of the two Trig Stations. The old OS maps incorrectly showed the Wainwright summit as the higher of the two spot heights on Illgill Head

Illgill Head map


Low Fell GR: NY 13597 22264
Hill Name Loweswater Fell (Low Fell) DoBIH Name Low Fell
Hill ID 3780 DoBIH Number 2493
Height 412m / 1352ft Height 423m / 1388ft
Summit Feature Cairn on rock Summit Feature ground by small Cairn
Grid Reference NY 13597 22264 Grid Reference NY 13732 22616


Note DoBIH Observation: “An alternative location for the Wainwright is the south top at NY136223 (412m)”

Pointers to the Wainwright summit position from the Pictorial Guide:

The Wainwright sketch map shows the summit position at the southern end of the 1,300 feet contour circle but Low Fell 5 also references “map shows ‘1350’ contours at both places”.

Low Fell mapsWainwright states “The most southerly eminence has the main Cairn” and “two Cairns 100 and 120 yards southeast of the main Cairn indicate better viewpoints”.

The Wainwright sketch map indicates the summit is south of the wall and ties into the 1:25k mapping from 1937-61.

The summit page also has a separate smaller sketch entitled ‘Cairn on the north top’.

Wainwright estimated the summit height as approx. 1360’ which is much closer to the Loweswater Fell current height than Low Fell.



Thunacar Knott GR: NY 27909 08136
Hill Name Thunacar Knott North Top DoBIH Name Thunacar Knott
Hill ID 500026 DoBIH Number 2413
Height 715m / 2346ft Height 723m / 2372ft
Summit Feature Cairn Summit Feature rock 3m NNE of Cairn
Grid Reference NY 27909 08136 Grid Reference NY 27975 07992


Note DoBIH Observation: None relating to Wainwright summit location.

Pointers to the Wainwright summit position from the Pictorial Guide:

The Wainwright sketch map shows the summit position north of a small tarn.

Wainwright states “The recognised summit, surmounted by a well-made Cairn, is a mound north of the tarn; the benchmark height is 2351’”. This ties in with the mapping of the era with the 2351’ Spot Height on the northern summit.

Thunacar Knott map


Group B

Some 46 Wainwright summits which are greater than 10 metres from the current true summit recorded in the DoBIH. The average deviation (excluding Mellbreak see note) is 63.6 metres. With Mellbreak the average deviation is 84.4 metres.

Ahead of detailing the full list four summits deserve special mention as there have been considerable doubts as to the correct Wainwright summit position.



Of all the Wainwright summits Dodd has changed the most from Wainwright’s era although the historic forestry remains are still there for all to view. Wainwright’s sketch was of a cairn in a small clearing on tussocky grass surrounded by Pinus mugo, the mountain pine.

Wainwright described the cairn as “twenty yards from the fire break” as part of the descent route description. His attention to detail on the forest trails and fire breaks helps unlock the Wainwright summit position. Using Google Earth and satellite photos most of the fire break lines drawn by Wainwright can still be seen as can be plotted as follows: –

On the strong balance of probabilities, the Dodd (Skiddaw) true summit position is most likely to be the same as the Wainwright summit position. Interestingly, whilst Wainwright used the Trig Station height for Dodd’s height in this case he didn’t use it for the summit. The Trig Station would have predated the forestry and is again an excellent view point for surveying.

The distinctive summit cairn rocks (long thin slate) as drawn by Wainwright are in the locality but not in the correct position. At the time of my last visit in 2019 they had regrettably been used by wild campers as part of a fire.



Mellbreak with its North and South tops both recognised uniquely by Wainwright in his sketch Map on Mellbreak 3 – is this the 215th Wainwright?

On the OS 6th Series New Popular Edition mapping Wainwright would have noted Trig Stations on both the north and south tops hence the double summit markers.










Additionally, on the north top Wainwright sketched a cairn triangle marker (not coloured in, a magnifying glass is useful here) to the South West of the Trig Station.











The Wainwright summit sketch is of a cairn with a description “south-east from the north top”, behind the cairn Wainwright sketched and named outlines of various fells including the South Top.  He also commented “The more attractive of the two is the heathery north top” and “An odd thing about both summits is that the cairn on each is not quite on the highest ground”. Wainwright’s attention to detail is second to none and within the summit cairn is an unusually shaped rock with horizonal strata.

Wainwright’s attention to detail is second to none and within the summit cairn is an unusually shaped rock with horizonal strata which is outlined in red. I am indebted to Graham Jackson for this Mellbreak North Top summit photo above. On the left of the cairn is a light-coloured rock of very similar shape and horizonal strata to that detailed in the Wainwright sketch.

All this evidence points to the Wainwright summit of Mellbreak being a cairn 34m North East of Mellbreak North Top true summit. This is the 1,668ft Trig Station at NY 14324 19495.



Sale Fell

The doubts over Sale Fell relate to the ‘cairn [as] described by Wainwright and Birkett has been largely destroyed’ particularly as there is little by way of cairn rocks in the immediate area. As others have pointed out cairns come and go so the true summit may well be the Wainwright summit.

This required a site visit to test my theory.

There are two keys to resolving the doubts: –

  1. The 1,170ft Trig Station position from Six Inch mapping at NY 19461 29712.
  2. The ascent route from Bassenthwaite Lake Station as described by Wainwright.

Wainwright described within the route that “Upon reaching a broken wall turn right up the fell”.

This follows a natural ridge line up the fell until you arrive at the summit area and directly at the Trig Station cairn. The cairn itself is an embedded rock with loose rocks on top. As with many Trig Station positions of the late 1800’s it is not at the highest point but instead on a ridge end with excellent views.

Also the cairn is slightly on a down slope so is out of sight from the true summit position.

Once again we are indebted to Wainwright’s attention to detail in his summit drawing. The two largest rocks, a rectangle shaped rock in the bottom right hand corner and a second rock above and left which appears to be two rocks but instead an indented rock are both still in the depleted summit cairn.


The panorama lines up perfectly with Wainwright’s summit drawing of Lothwaite and the Skiddaw range behind.

The Wainwright summit cairn of Sale Fell is at NY 19461 29711.


Sour Howes

Given it’s triangle shaped flat summit plateau with lot’s of grass hummocks it’s one of the most difficult to identify the true summit never mind the Wainwright summit. So much so on my last visit everyone I observed missed the true summit and went to what appears to be a more obvious summit.

The DoBIH Observation is “Wainwright’s summit is probably shaly ridge 60m ESE NY 42832 03198; Wainwright’s sketch map may be misleading as it indicates summit is further SW where ground is obviously lower”.

My contention is that Wainwright’s map is not misleading in the light of the Six Inch and particularly the Sixth Series mapping available at the time.

The OS clearly believed that the highest point was in the 1,550ft contour circle in the SW corner of the summit plateau.

The old Trig Station is spotted at NY 42660 03156 from Six Inch mapping.

Following a site visit the Trig Station position is indeed a grassy hummock and the highest point on the western side of the fell. The Wainwright summit sketch can be matched up with the foreground, a flat summit and sloping ground on the right side and the background fells as described by Wainwright.

The Wainwright summit of Sour Howes is at NY 42660 03156.


Bakestall GR: NY 26631 30857
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn True

Summit Feature

Cairn near fence
Deviation 111m DoBIH GR10 NY 26642 30747


Bannerdale Crags GR: NY 33609 29076
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

rock 3m NE of pile of stones
Deviation 94m DoBIH GR10 NY 33530 29026


Birks GR: NY 38177 14485
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

no feature: grass mound
Deviation 203m DoBIH GR10 NY 38020 14357


Bleaberry Fell GR: NY 28566 19576
Wainwright Summit Feature windshelter



Summit Feature

rock 10m E of windshelter
Deviation 11m DoBIH GR10 NY 28577 19577


Brandreth GR: NY 21487 11930
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

Deviation 36m DoBIH GR10 NY 21454 11916


Broom Fell GR: NY 19441 27191
Wainwright Summit Feature tall cairn True

Summit Feature

no feature: heather
Deviation 174m DoBIH GR10 NY 19544 27051


Caw Fell GR: NY 13192 11003
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

rock 13m E of Cairn
Deviation 19m DoBIH GR10 NY 13210 10996


Crag Hill [Eel Crag] GR: NY 19266 20364
Wainwright Summit Feature trig point DoBIH

Summit Feature

no feature 35m S of trig point
Deviation 32m DoBIH GR10 NY 19274 20333


Dale Head GR: NY 22304 15326
Wainwright Summit Feature large Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

no feature 18m W of large Cairn
Deviation 15m DoBIH GR10 NY 22289 15325


Fellbarrow – Mosser Fell GR: NY 13220 24247
Wainwright Summit Feature trig point DoBIH

Summit Feature

no feature: ground 20m SE of trig point
Deviation 23m DoBIH GR10 NY 13240 24235


Gavel Fell GR: NY 11695 18382
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

No feature
Deviation 123m DoBIH GR10 NY 11657 18499


Grange Fell [Brund Fell] GR: NY 26408 16240
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn on rock tower DoBIH

Summit Feature

Cairn on rock tor
Deviation 67m DoBIH GR10 NY 26468 16276


Gray Crag GR: NY 42669 11870
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

Deviation 183m DoBIH GR10 NY 42756 11709


Great Borne GR: NY 12389 16382
Wainwright Summit Feature Trig Point DoBIH

Summit Feature

Deviation 24m DoBIH GR10 NY 12394 16358


Great Dodd GR: NY 34270 20451
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn/ shelter DoBIH

Summit Feature

no feature: ground 30m SSE of Cairn
Deviation 102m DoBIH GR10 NY 34204 20529


Great Rigg GR: NY 35581 10396
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

rock 15m NE of Cairn
Deviation 16m DoBIH GR10 NY 35592 10406


Grey Crag [Sleddale Fell] GR: NY 49711 07176
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

rocky outcrop
Deviation 44m DoBIH GR10 NY 49714 07220


Hart Crag GR: NY 36902 11208
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

Deviation 100m DoBIH GR10 NY 36818 11262


Hart Side GR: NY 35889 19734
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn (western)



Summit Feature

rock within 20m of 2 Cairns
Deviation 14m DoBIH GR10 NY 35902 19729


High Raise [High Raise (High White Stones)] GR: NY 28076 09528
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn due South of Trig Pillar DoBIH

Summit Feature

rock 15m SSE of trig point
Deviation 14m DoBIH GR10 NY 28089 09523


Holme Fell GR: NY 31531 00657
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn on large rock outcrop DoBIH

Summit Feature

rock 60m SSW of Cairn
Deviation 57m DoBIH GR10 NY 31503 00605


Ill Bell GR: NY 43656 07721
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn (centre of three) at Trig Station DoBIH

Summit Feature

N of two large cairns 30m apart
Deviation 32m DoBIH GR10 NY 43649 07752


Latrigg GR: NY 27845 24659
Wainwright Summit Feature Green sward, top of path from south DoBIH

Summit Feature

Ground by path
Deviation 87m DoBIH GR10 NY 27922 24699


Ling Fell GR: NY 17959 28593
Wainwright Summit Feature Trig Pillar DoBIH

Summit Feature

no feature
Deviation 68m DoBIH GR10 NY 17994 28535


Loadpot Hill GR: NY 45726 18083
Wainwright Summit Feature Boundary Stone DoBIH

Summit Feature

no feature: ground 80m SW of trig point
Deviation 97m DoBIH GR10 NY 45636 18046


Lonscale Fell GR: NY 28537 27173
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn (extension of wall line) DoBIH

Summit Feature

no feature: ground 25m S of Cairn
Deviation 30m DoBIH GR10 NY 28545 27144



Maiden Moor GR: NY 23668 18203
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

no feature
Deviation 18m DoBIH GR10 NY 23677 18188


Meal Fell GR: NY 28258 33711
Wainwright Summit Feature large shelter DoBIH

Summit Feature

small Cairn
Deviation 68m DoBIH GR10 NY 28301 33763


Mellbreak GR: NY 14324 19495
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn at 1,668ft Trig Station on North Top DoBIH

Summit Feature

flat rock
Deviation 1020m DoBIH GR10 NY 14843 18613


Nethermost Pike GR: NY 34407 14156
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn 100 yards NE of circular wall DoBIH

Summit Feature

Deviation 74m DoBIH GR10 NY 34367 14217


Rampsgill Head GR: NY 44224 12772
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

Deviation 147m DoBIH GR10 NY 44333 12871


Rest Dodd GR: NY 43268 13700
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

grass mound
Deviation 55m DoBIH GR10 NY 43256 13646


Robinson GR: NY 20177 16873
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn (W) DoBIH

Summit Feature

Deviation 16m DoBIH GR10 NY 20193 16872


Sale Fell GR: NY 19461 29712
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

embedded rock in grass
Deviation 51m DoBIH GR10 NY 19445 29664


Scar Crags GR: NY 20749 20600
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

Deviation 118m DoBIH GR10 NY 20849 20662


Scoat Fell GR: NY 15951 11382
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn on wall DoBIH

Summit Feature

Rock N of wall
Deviation 16m DoBIH GR10 NY 15941 11394


Seat Sandal GR: NY 34387 11518
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

rock on knoll by ruined wall
Deviation 35m DoBIH GR10 NY 34420 11530


Seatallan GR: NY 13942 08407
Wainwright Summit Feature large Cairn/ tumulus



Summit Feature

no feature: ground 12m SSW of small Cairn
Deviation 71m DoBIH GR10 NY 14003 08443


Selside Pike GR: NY 49074 11181
Wainwright Summit Feature Wind shelter DoBIH

Summit Feature

grassy rise with embedded rocks 40m SSW of wind shelter
Deviation 38m DoBIH GR10 NY 49062 11145


Sour Howes GR: NY 42660 03156
Wainwright Summit Feature grassy hummock DoBIH

Summit Feature

grassy hummock
Deviation 121m DoBIH GR10 NY 42765 03217


Stony Cove Pike [Caudale Moor] GR: NY 41864 09998
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

Deviation 82m DoBIH GR10 NY 41782 10006


Thornthwaite Crag GR: NY 43136 10008
Wainwright Summit Feature Beacon DoBIH

Summit Feature

rock 45m N of beacon
Deviation 44m DoBIH GR10 NY 43150 10050


Troutbeck Tongue GR: NY 42231 06388
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

grassy knoll
Deviation 40m DoBIH GR10 NY 42240 06427


Ullock Pike GR: NY 24425 28799
Wainwright Summit Feature Heather dome with crags to west DoBIH

Summit Feature

Deviation 44m DoBIH GR10 NY 24442 28759


Walla Crag GR: NY 27664 21286
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn 60 yards from gate DoBIH

Summit Feature

Rock by cairn
Deviation 20m DoBIH GR10 NY 27686 21287


Wether Hill GR: NY 45569 16781
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

no feature: rough grass
Deviation 30m DoBIH GR10 NY 45597 16767




Group C

These Wainwright summits are correct in DoBIH but worth noting as an alternative true summit with the same/ similar name is close by. Important not to get the summits confused when bagging the Wainwright summit.

Armboth Fell
Wainwright Alternative Summit
Wainwright Name Armboth Fell Alternative summit name Armboth Fell (Birkett)
Wainwright Summit Feature rocky mound DoBIH

Summit Feature

large smooth outcrop
Wainwright GR NY 29581 15739 DoBIH GR10 NY 29679 15968
Height 475m / 1558ft Height 480m / 1575ft


Brock Crags
Wainwright Alternative Summit
Wainwright Name Brock Crags (Wainwright) Alternative summit name Brock Crags
Wainwright Summit Feature large cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

no feature: large grassy mound
Wainwright GR10 NY 41666 13660 NY 41903 13699
Height 561.2m / 1841ft Height 564.3m (1851ft)


Gibson Knott  
Wainwright Alternative Summit
Wainwright Name Gibson Knott Alternative summit name Horn Crag
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn on rocky outcrop DoBIH

Summit Feature

Ground by cairn
Wainwright GR10 NY 31689 10036 DoBIH GR10 NY 31855 09924
Height 420.1m / 1,378ft Height 421.9m / 1,384ft


Gowbarrow Fell
Wainwright Alternative Summit
Wainwright Name Gowbarrow Fell (Wainwright summit) Alternative summit name Gowbarrow Fell
Wainwright Summit Feature trig point DoBIH

Summit Feature

embedded rock
Wainwright GR10 NY 40761 21821 DoBIH GR10 NY 40731 21722
Height 481.2m / 1579ft Height 481.2m / 1579ft **

** NB: the Wainwright summit hill (rock 3m SE of trig point) is 1cm lower hence no difference in height quoted due to rounding.

Wainwright Alternative Summit
Wainwright Name Graystones Alternative summit name Graystones (Birkett)
Wainwright Summit Feature small cairn on rocky outcrop DoBIH

Summit Feature

no feature
Wainwright GR NY 17614 26622 DoBIH GR10 NY 17783 26420
Height 450.4m / 1478ft Height 455.3m / 1494ft


High Stile
Wainwright Alternative Summit
Wainwright Name High Stile Alternative summit name High Stile (Grey Crag – High Stile)
Wainwright Summit Feature large cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

small cairn
Wainwright GR NY 16738 14792 DoBIH GR10 NY 17009 14817
Height 806m / 2644ft Height 807m / 2648ft


Rosthwaite Fell – Bessyboot
Wainwright Alternative Summit
Wainwright Name Rosthwaite Fell – Bessyboot Alternative summit name Rosthwaite Fell (Rosthwaite Cam)
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

rock tor
Wainwright GR NY 25829 12480 DoBIH GR10 NY 25586 11828
Height 551m / 1808ft Height 612m / 2008ft


Seathwaite Fell
Wainwright Alternative Summit
Wainwright Name Seathwaite Fell (Wainwright summit) Alternative summit name Seathwaite Fell (Great Slack – Seathwaite Fell)
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

Cairn on rock
Wainwright GR NY 22901 10183 DoBIH GR10 NY 22736 09710
Height 601m / 1972ft Height 632m / 2073ft


Wainwright Alternative Summits
Wainwright Name Baystones [Wansfell] Alternative summit name 1 Wansfell (Baystones)
Wainwright Summit Feature Cairn DoBIH

Summit Feature

no feature: mound
Wainwright GR NY 40316 05143 DoBIH GR10 NY 40356 05275
Height 486.9m / 1597ft Height 486.1m / 1595ft
Alternative summit name 2 Wansfell Pike

Summit Feature

outcrop 6m S of fence
DoBIH GR10 NY 39416 04169
Height 484.3m / 1589ft


In respect of Wansfell, the Wainwright summit is the true summit in this area. The naming conventions between Wansfell and Baystones makes it confusing. Also, some people confuse Wansfell with Wansfell Pike at the south western end of the ridge mainly because it’s the visible summit from Ambleside.

Author – Ron Bowron



Author: Phil Newby

3 responses to “The Wainwright Summits”

  1. Tim Synge says:

    This is fantastic work!

  2. Mike says:


    This is a great resource! Thanks for sharing this.

    I was wondering if Hart Crag should not also be in Group B? The true summit coordinates from DoBIH are 54.492752, -2.976954 whereas the Wainwright summit cairn (same height as ‘true’ summit) is located somewhere around 54.492268, -2.975574.

  3. Keith says:

    This is an incredible piece of work of which you should be very proud. I refer to it all the time as I endeavour to bag the Wainwrights.

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Author: Phil Newby