GPS Waypoints of all UK Ordnance Survey Trig. Points
Hills & mountains of the Lake District volumes 1-7 of Wainwright's A Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells. (Note the there are no qualification criteria for Wainwrights, the author sometimes gives a summit location that is not the highest point of the fell. Our policy is to take the location intended by Wainwright. The list is not subject to revision.)
Scottish Munro Mountains - The Munros are the highest of Scotland's mountains, 282 mountain tops named after the man who first catalogued them, Sir Hugh Munro.
Revised down from 284: Beinn a'Chlaidheimh and Sgurr nan Ceannaichean have been surveyed as less than 3000ft and have been reclassified as Corbetts.
The famous Welsh 3000 ft Mountains; Snowdon / Yr Wyddfa (1,085 m), Garnedd Ugain / Crib y Ddysgl (1,065 m), Crib Goch (923 m), Elidir Fawr (924 m), Y Garn (947 m), Glyder Fawr (999 m), Glyder Fach (994 m), Tryfan (915 m), Pen yr Ole Wen (978 m), Carnedd Dafydd (1,044 m), Carnedd Llewelyn (1,064 m), Yr Elen (962 m), Foel Grach (976 m), Garnedd Uchaf (926 m), Foel-fras (942 m).
Also known as the "Welsh Munros".
Hills & Mountains of any height with a drop of at least 150 metres on all sides.
The geographical area includes the Isle of Man and the islands of St Kilda. (N.B. twin peak marilyns are not included here)
Corbetts - Scottish hills between 2500 and 2999 feet high with a drop of at least 500 feet (152.4m) on all sides. (making them a sub-set of the Marilyns too)
Hills of England and Wales & Ireland over Two Thousand feet (with at least 30 metre drop on all sides).
Lake District hills over 1,000ft listed in Bill Birkett's Complete Lakeland Fells
Trail's Top 100 Hills; a list of 100 hills published in Trail Magazine in 2007 which has become popularised by becoming the objective of the WaterAid Trail 100 charity challenge.
Hills & Mountains list maintained by John and Anne Nuttall and detailed in 'The Mountains of England and Wales' published by Cicerone Press. Includes all the Hewitts
Hills of any height with a drop of at least 100 metres or more on all sides. The name HuMP stands for Hundred Metre Prominence. (All Marilyns are HuMPs) The original source for the HuMPs list was Dr Eric Yeaman's "Handbook of the Scottish Hills", published by Wafaida in 1989. Clem Clements applied Yeaman's original criteria to England and Wales, and christened the results "Yeomans".
Graham Mountains: - A Graham is a hill from 610 metres to 761 metres high inclusive (2000-2499 feet), with a drop of at least 150 metres all round. Originally, Scottish hills in this height range were referred to as Elsies (short for Lesser Corbetts).
Hills in the Scottish Lowlands at least 2000 feet high. 'Tops' are all elevations with a drop of at least 100 feet (30.48m) on all sides and elevations of sufficient topographical merit with a drop of between 50 and 100 feet. Certain of these are designated 'Hills' according to a complex formula based on both distance and drop.
Hills around the Lake District listed in Wainwright's Book "Volume 8 The Outlying Fells of Lakeland".
Scottish 'Tops': - Munro Tops are subsidiary summits to Munros which although meeting the height criterion for a Munro are not deemed to be separate to be distinct Munros.
Hills in England, Wales and the Isle of Man at least 500m high with a drop of at least 30m on all sides. The list was published with no upper bound on height, but in practice the name is applied to hills below 610m (2000ft) high, as hills over 610m are usually called Hewitts.
The highest point within (or sometimes on) the boundary of each county. Based on the traditional list of counties from which people usually take their local cultural identity. Note that these were never abolished, they just ceased to have administrative function.
TUMPs or P30s are hills of any height with a drop of at least 30 metres or more on all sides. The name TUMP stands for Thirty & Upward Metres Prominence.
A ‘Pedwar’ is a hill in Wales between the heights of 400 metres and 499 metres that has a minimum drop of 30 metres. As there are some 447 such hills, and they are over 400 metres high, it seems fitting to name them ‘Y Pedwarau’ , as the Welsh word ‘Pedwar’ translates as ‘Four’.
Further details at Europeaklist
Synge's Lakeland Summits - Hills from the book 'The Lakeland Summits' by Tim Synge: covers the whole of the Lake District national park.
Hills in Ireland at least 2000 feet high published in The Mountains of Ireland. There is no prominence criterion. Both the Dillons and the Hewitts have 212 hills, but 13 hills in each list do not appear in the other.
A ‘Four’ is a hill in England between the heights of 400 metres and 499 metres with a minimum drop of 30 metres. There are 296 such hills that cover the length of the country from the Cheviot Hills in the north, to Bodmin Moor in the south-west.
Further details at Europeaklist
The hills listed by Dr Eric Yeaman in his Handbook of the Scottish Hills (Wafaida, 1989). There were 2441 hills in the original book, the first ever publication to prioritise relative over absolute height in its selection:
"For the purposes of this Handbook, a hill is defined as an eminence which has an ascent of 100m all round, or, failing that, is at least 5km (walking distance) from any higher point".
Dr Yeaman later circulated an update sheet with copies of his book, in which he identified 66 additional hills, 11 deletions and 6 substitutions, one of which was subsequently reversed, giving a final total of 2495 hills. Yeamans were effectively the precursor of HuMPs, often referred to as 'New Yeamans' in the early stages, but 351 non-HUMPS qualify by virtue of the 5km distance rule.
After the publication of Dr Eric Yeaman's Handbook of the Scottish Hills (Wafaida, 1989), E.D. 'Clem' Clements set out to extend Yeaman's criteria to England and Wales. Clem's original handwritten list, completed in the early 1990s, comprised 1284 hills.
The process of verifying and digitising this handwritten document took many years and involved numerous contributors, notably Rob Woodall, Myrddyn Phillips, Gary Honey, Gordon Adshead and Iain Cameron; Clem made some additions to the list in 2004 bringing the total to 1298 hills, and this list later formed the basis for later HuMP research.
Clem himself referred to hills on his list as 'Yeomans', but here they have been renamed 'Clems' in his honour by way of remembering the man and recognising his achievement.
Minor hills in the Lake District National Park above 300m height, geographically distinctive, with prominence of less than 30m.
More information: LaMPs Document
Viewing the LaMPs and P30 TUMPs together is intended to provide a comprehensive listing of "significant" summits within the Lake District National Park, above 300m and/or 30m prominence.
The LaMPs is a collaborative list. If you find significant summits you consider to be worth adding, please let us know - they can be promoted via the Lakehills forum
The Fellrangers a Lake District list for which the LDWA has created a Hillwalkers Register
The "Notable Hill Tops of England and Wales" were included in the Mountain Tables by Michael Dewey published 1995 by Constable, along with his better-known 500m hill list. The Notables are all in England and Wales, generally outside the main high mountain/moor areas.
(52 of the hills in this list are in addition to those hills sourced from the DoBIH, the other 280 link to the DoBIH Hill/Tump details.)
Based on The Hardys - The UK's High Points, by Ian Hardy, first published 1997 www.thehardys.org
Consisting of Hill Range, Island and Administrative Area high points. Covers England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, Isle of Man and Channel Isles In the case of Administrative Area high points, where Hardys are undefined, or the locations differ from those in DOBIH, the equivalent DOBIH hill is used.
Remotest Hills of Wales: a list of 166 hills where the summit is a minimum of 2.5km from the nearest paved public road with a minimum of 15m of drop.
The list is named 'Y Pellennig', pellennig in Welsh means 'distant' or 'remote'.
Further details at Europeaklist
An FBM consists of an underground chamber topped with a short granite pillar. They are located in geologically stable locations, and formed the basis of Britain's level control network. They have been superceded by GPS. Tick off your Fundamental Benchmarks using the check-boxes below...
'Tops' relating to Donald Hills
The highest point within (or sometimes on) the boundary of each county. Based on the list of Counties, Metropolitan Districts and Unitary Authorities that came into existence in the 1990s, and are still changing.
Murdos: - A Murdo is a Scottish peak over 3000 feet with a drop of at least 30 metres (98 feet) all round. The Murdos comprise the main Munros and the most significant Munro Tops.
From the Buxton & Lewis (1986) historical list of the 2000-foot summits of England and Wales. The list was defined by the original publication and is not subject to revision.
The highest point within (or sometimes on) the boundary of each county. Based on the redrawn administrative boundaries and introduction of Metropolitan Counties in the mid 1970s. These began to be abolished in the 1990s.
Subsidiary summits of Munros, Corbetts and Grahams between 2000 and 2499 feet high with a drop of at least 30 metres on all sides.
Subsidiary summits of Munros and Corbetts between 2500 and 2999 feet high with a drop of at least 30 metres on all sides.
An historical list of 2000-foot summits of England and Wales compiled by Bridge (1973). The list was defined by the original publication and is not subject to revision.
The Furths comprise summits which are generally recognised as being the 3000ft peaks of the British Isles 'furth' of Scotland (furth meaning outside). These are the equivalent of the 'Munros' of England, Ireland and Wales.
SiMS: Six-hundred Metre Summits (600m+/P30m) a list of British 600m hills with at least 30 meters of prominence. For more details see http://www.rhb.org.uk/sims/
Scottish Lowland equivalent of the Deweys - hills with at least 500m high and below 609.6m with a drop of at least 30m on all sides. (see also the Highland Fives)
Hills in Ireland at least 600 metres high with a drop of at least 15 metres on all sides.
A list of 404 two thousand foot summits in England & Wales (excluding the English Lake District - see Simpson list) published in four articles in the Rucksack Club Journal by Edward ("Ted") Moss, between 1939 & 1954.
The list was defined by the original publications and is not subject to revision.
Scottish Highland equivalent of the Deweys - hills with at least 500m high and below 609.6m with a drop of at least 30m on all sides. (see also the Donald Deweys)
Hills in Ireland at least 500 metres high with a drop of at least 30m on all sides. The name comes from the 527m hill which is the County Top for both Laois and Offaly and means, from the Irish, "Height of Ireland". This list effectively amalgamates the Irish Hewitts and Myrddyn Deweys.
A list of 225 2000-foot summits in the English Lake District published in the 1937 Wayfarer's Journal "Concerning Contours" article by FHF Simpson. The list was defined by the original publication and is not subject to revision. Reference: p18-24 Wayfarer's Journal 1937
Irish equivalent of the Deweys - hills with at least 500m high and below 609.6m with a drop of at least 30m on all sides.
A list of 345 2000-foot summits in England by Nick Wright published by Robert Hale & Co London in 1974. ISBN 0-7091-4560-8 The list was defined by the original publication and is not subject to revision.
Carns are hills in Ireland between 400 and 499.9m high with a drop of at least 30m on all sides as defined by MountainViews, based on a list originally supplied to the Mountaineering Council of Ireland by Myrddyn Phillips. The name comes from Carn Hill, Cnoc an Chairn, "hill of the cairn" in the Sperrins.
The Binnions are irish hills below 400m with 150m drop. The list is not identical to the subset of Marilyns below 400m.
Hills from the book 'The Lakeland Fells' published by the Fell and Rock Climbing Club in 1996, edited by June Parker and Tim Pickles, which seeks to identify all fells over 300 metres, with public access and lying within the Lake District National Park. Includes all 214 Wainwrights, several additional low prominence high peaks, and all LDNP summits over 300m and P80m. Over 610m the effective cutoff is P40m, with all but 11 of the 114 LDNP Hewitts anticipated (P610m / P30m, published 1997), and 123 of the 171 LDNP Nuttalls (610m / P15m, published 1990) included.
Mark Jackson's list of the Tumps (p30) of the Lake District over 1000ft as described in the LDWA's Hillwalkers' Register Annual Report 2011.
The Relative "Wainwrights" sees around 50 of Wainwright's peaks deleted from the list as having less than 30m drop and the promotion of around 53 'new' peaks (Tumps) with over 30m drop and above 1000 feet asl that never made Wainwrights original list. There are only two of the new additions that don't feature as either Birketts or Synges, namely: Oakhowe Crag (417m), High Rigg SE Top (339m).
List provided by Chris Pearson
The P600m Peaks - a list of British and Irish hills with at least 600m of prominence. For more information, visit Mark Trengove's Europeaklist website and see the PDF at the bottom of the page.
The P500m Peaks - a list of British and Irish hills with at least 500m of prominence. For more details see Jim Bloomer and Roddy Urquhart's website
The P609m Peaks - a list of British and Irish hills with at least 2000 feet of prominence. For more details see http://sucs.org/~baronson/bagging/
These are the highest points of the islands listed in The Scottish Islands by Hamish Haswell-Smith.
To qualify, islands need to have an area of at least 40 hectares and to be an island at all tide states.
The SIBs are defined as naturally occuring land which at MHWS is completely surrounded by water with either an area of at least 10 hectares within the MHWS contour line or a prominence of at least 30 metres above MSL, or both, all man-made links and structures being discounted. They were researched by Alan Holmes. The DoBIH gives only the Main SIBs, which comprise all islands having an area of at least 30 hectares or a drop of at least 30 metres, excluding sea stacks, as we believe this category is of most interest to baggers.
All the SIBs, B-SIBs and SIBLETs together
There are 286 "Small Island of Britain with Low Elevation of interest to Trippers" or SIBLET’s: islands less than A10 and less than P30. (S=224, E=50, W=12). They are less than 10 hectares and less than 30m prominence. A companion list to the SIBs: a selection of the smaller islands which don't otherwise qualify but are often visited.
Listed by Alan Holmes
Tidal Islands, listed in No Boat Required, Exploring Tidal Islands, Peter Caton, 2011. Definition: A named area of land of significant size, which supports vegetation, shows signs of human activity, can be safely walked to with dry feet at least once a month from the UK mainland, is totally surrounded by water on a minimum of one tide each month, but never totally submerged.
B-SIBs - Islands between 10 and 30 hectares with less than 30m of prominence. There are 115 B-SIB's (B class: islands at least A10 but less than A30 and less than P30). These are listed separately as they are perhaps not as appealing as larger or more prominent islands. There are 108 B-SIB's in Scotland, 7 in England.
Listed by Alan Holmes
where height and prominence are the same
Hill's called Law
A Marilyn Twin Peak is a summit of equal height to another Marilyn where the drop between the two is less than 150m.
Hills falling short of being Grahams on drop by 10m or less.
Hills falling short of being Murdos on drop by 10m or less.
Hills falling short of being Hewitts on drop by 10m or less.
hills that narrowly fall short of meeting the Marilyn list's classification threshold
The highest point within (or sometimes on) the boundary of each London Borough.
The list of English and Welsh hills which don't quite make "Four/Pedwar" status and are either: height between 400m and 499.9m, and 20m to 29.9m of prominence; or of height between 390m and 399.9m, and 30m of prominence.
Further details at Europeaklist
Subsidiary summits of Corbetts between 2500 and 2999 feet high with a drop of at least 30 metres on all sides.
Subsidiary summits of Munros between 2500 and 2999 feet high with a drop of at least 30 metres on all sides.
Subsidiary summits of Corbetts between 2000 and 2499 feet high with a drop of at least 30 metres on all sides.
Subsidiary summits of Munros between 2000 and 2499 feet high with a drop of at least 30 metres on all sides.
Subsidiary summits of Grahams between 2000 and 2499 feet high with a drop of at least 30 metres on all sides.
Hills falling short of being HuMPs on drop by 10m or less.
Hills falling short of being Deweys on drop by 10m or less.
A Twin HuMP is defined as a summit of equal height to another HuMP where the drop between the two summits is at least 30m but less than 100m.
The single subsidiary summit of the only Scottish Hewitt between 2000 and 2499 feet high with a drop of at least 30 metres on all sides.
Hills falling short of being Donald Deweys on drop by 10m or less.
Hills falling short of being Highland Fives on drop by 10m or less.
Hills falling short of being Myrddyn Deweys on drop by 10m or less.
The highest point on each of the OS 1:50k Landranger Maps, based on the Ray Barnes 2002 web list of Landranger Tops with futher additions and corrections. (Data courtesy of Chris Pearson + Rob Woodall).
Hills falling short of being SIMs on drop by 10m or less.
The list of English and Welsh hills which don't make "Four/Pedwar" status on two counts as they are between 20m and 29.9m of prominence AND height between 390m and 399.9m.
Further details at Europeaklist